MRI Abdomen and Pelvis

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses strong magnet and radio waves to provide clear and detailed diagnostic images of internal body organs and tissues. MRI is a valuable tool for the diagnosis of a broad range of conditions, including cancer, heart and vascular disease, stroke and joint and musculoskeletal disorders. MRI allows evaluation of some body structures that may not be as visible with other diagnostic imaging methods.

What are some common uses of this exam?

MR imaging of the abdomen and pelvis is performed to evaluate problems or disorders that affect:

  • The liver, biliary tract, kidneys, spleen, bowel, pancreas, and adrenal glands
  • Pelvic organs, such as the bladder
  • Reproductive organs such as the uterus and ovaries in females
  • Prostate gland in males

An MRI of the abdomen and pelvis is also performed to help diagnose:

  • Tumors and cysts
  • Diseases of the liver
  • Abnormalities of the bile ducts and pancreas
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Causes of pelvic pain in women, such as fibroids or endometriosis
  • Abnormal blood vessels and inflamed vessels (vasculitis)

How should I prepare?

  • Guidelines about eating and drinking before an MRI exam will vary. You will be informed of any exam preparations required during the scheduling of your exam.
  • Before your MRI exam you will be asked to change into a gown and remove all undergarments that may have metal fasteners or fibers.
  • Jewelry and other metal objects can not be worn during the exam. Please try to leave them at home if possible.
  • You must notify the technologist if you have any implanted medical devices or any metal in your body. These can interfere with the exam and can cause harm during an MRI because of the strength of the magnet.
  • Inform the technologist if you are pregnant or suspect you might be pregnant


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